Glossary: Global Organic Textiles Standard (GOTS)

The Global Organic Textile Standard (GOTS) is recognized as the world's leading processing standard for textiles made from organic fibers. It defines high-level environmental criteria along the entire organic textiles supply chain and requires compliance with social criteria as well.

Fiber Production

The key criteria for fiber production can be identified as:

  • Organic certification of fibers on basis of recognized international or national standards (IFOAM family of standards, EEC 834/2007, USDA NOP)

  • Certification of fibers from conversion period is possible if the applicable farming standard permits such certification
  • A textile product carrying the GOTS label grade ‘organic’ must contain a minimum of 95% certified organic fibers whereas a product with the label grade ‘made with organic’ must contain a minimum of 70% certified organic fibers.

A standard developed to define world-wide recognized requirements about the organic status of textiles, from post-harvest handling of the raw materials, through environmentally and socially responsible manufacturing and labeling. Its purpose is to provide credible assurance to the consumer that a finished product is “certified organic.” To achieve GOTS certification, a product must meet one of its definitions for organic products and be certified by an independent third-party certification organization approved by the GOTS International Working Group (IWG). Licensing and labeling are governed by the GOTS IWG.  GOTS can be used to certify a finished product as “certified organic” if 95% of the product’s ingredients (by weight) are certified organic and the manufacturer is in compliance with other GOTS requirements. GOTS also allows a claim of “made with x% organic material…” if 70% or more of the product’s ingredients (by weight) have been certified organic and the manufacturer, likewise, is compliant with other requirements.