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The following acronyms address organization names, standards, certifications, agencies, and scientific citations that companies and consumers may encounter in the discussion of claims related to mattresses.

ANSI American National Standards Institute

ASTM ASTM International, formerly known as the American Society for Testing and


ATFS American Tree Farm System

BBB Better Business Bureau

BIFMA Business and Institutional Furniture Manufacturer’s Association

CE Marking CE Marking European Commission

CFR Code of Federal Regulations

CDL Consumer Disclosure Label

CPSC Consumer Products Safety Commission

CPSIA Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act

CREL Chronic Reference Exposure Level

CSA Canadian Standards Association

CU Control Union

EPA Environmental Protection Agency

EPD Environmental Product Declaration

ETL ETL Listed Mark, Intertek

FSC Forest Stewardship Council

FSRIA Farm Security and Rural Investment Act

FTC Federal Trade Commission

GBI Green Building Initiative

GCI Green Chemistry Institute

GHG Greenhouse Gas

GHRI Good Housekeeping Research Institute

GOLS Global Organic Latex Standard

GOTS Global Organic Textile Standard

ICEA Instituto Certificazione Etica e Ambientale

ISO International Standards Organization

ISPA International Sleep Products Association

IWG International Working Group

LCA life cycle assessment

LCI life cycle inventory

LEED USGBC’s Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design program

NAD National Advertising Division of the Better Business Bureau

NOP National Organic Program

NSF NSF International, formerly National Sanitation Foundation

OE Organic Exchange, now Textile Exchange

OTA Organic Trade Association

PAACO Professional Animal Auditor Certification Organization, Inc.

PCR product category rules

RECs renewable energy certificates

RDS Responsible Down Standard

SBD Sustainable by Design

SCS Scientific Certification Systems

SFC Sustainable Furniture Council

SFI Sustainable Forestry Initiative

SSA Specialty Sleep Association

SVOC semi-volatile organic compound

TE Textile Exchange, formerly Organic Exchange

TVOC total volatile organic compound

UL Underwriters Laboratories, Inc. (GREEN GUARD Certification)

ULE UL Environment, a wholly owned subsidiary of Underwriters Laboratories, Inc.

USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture

USGBC U.S. Green Building Council

VOC volatile organic compounds